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Ultimate Guide to Git Commands: Cheatsheets and Essential Commands for Developers

Git is a powerful and widely-used version control system that allows developers to track changes, collaborate seamlessly, and manage project versions efficiently. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting, having a handy reference for Git commands can significantly improve your workflow. This blog will provide you with a comprehensive Git cheatsheet, highlighting essential commands with easy-to-copy code snippets.

Table of Contents

Getting Started with Git Commands

Before diving into the commands, let’s ensure you have Git installed on your system. You can download Git from

Setting Up Git

First, configure your username and email, which will be used in your commits.

git config --global "Your Name"
git config --global ""

Verify your configuration:

git config --list

Basic Git Commands

These commands will help you initialize repositories, make changes, and track them.

Initialize a Repository

git init

Clone a Repository

git clone <repository_url>

Check Repository Status

git status

Add Files to Staging Area

git add <file_name>
git add .

Commit Changes

git commit -m "Your commit message"

View Commit History

git log

Branching and Merging

Branches allow you to work on different features or fixes simultaneously.

Create a New Branch

git branch <branch_name>

Switch to a Branch

git checkout <branch_name>

Create and Switch to a New Branch

git checkout -b <branch_name>

Merge a Branch

git merge <branch_name>

Delete a Branch

git branch -d <branch_name>

Remote Repositories

Collaborate with others by pushing and pulling changes from remote repositories.

Add a Remote Repository

git remote add origin <repository_url>

Push Changes to Remote Repository

git push origin <branch_name>

Pull Changes from Remote Repository

git pull origin <branch_name>

Fetch Changes from Remote Repository

git fetch

Advanced Git Commands

These commands provide more control and help manage complex workflows.

Stash Changes

git stash

Apply Stashed Changes

git stash apply

List Stashes

git stash list

Show Stash Content

git stash show -p <stash_id>

Revert a Commit

git revert <commit_id>

Reset to a Previous Commit

git reset --hard <commit_id>

Interactive Rebase

git rebase -i <commit_id>

Git Cheatsheet

Here’s a quick reference table with essential Git commands:


Command Description
git init Initialize a new Git repository
git clone <repository_url> Clone a repository
git status Show the working directory status
git add <file_name> Add file(s) to the staging area
git commit -m "message" Commit changes with a message
git log View commit history
git branch <branch_name> Create a new branch
git checkout <branch_name> Switch to a branch
git checkout -b <branch_name> Create and switch to a new branch
git merge <branch_name> Merge a branch into the current branch
git branch -d <branch_name> Delete a branch
git remote add origin <url> Add a remote repository
git remote -v Check the remote URL of a Git repository
git remote get-url <remote-name> Check a specific remote’s URL
git push origin <branch_name> Push changes to a remote repository
git pull origin <branch_name> Pull changes from a remote repository
git fetch Fetch changes from a remote repository
git stash Stash current changes
git stash apply Apply stashed changes
git stash list List all stashes
git stash show -p <stash_id> Show the content of a specific stash
git revert <commit_id> Revert a commit
git reset --hard <commit_id> Reset to a specific commit
git rebase -i <commit_id> Interactive rebase


Mastering Git is essential for any developer. With this guide and cheatsheet, you now have a comprehensive reference to streamline your version control processes. Keep practicing, and soon these commands will become second nature. Happy coding!

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